Chedi Phra Sri Suriyothai is located on the western part of the city island near the Office of Archeology and National Museum on U-tong Rd. This Phra Chedi is one of a very important archeological site in Ayutthaya Historical Park. It is the monument of the first Thai heroine, Somdet Phra Sri Suriyothai who died during an elephant duel between Maha Chakkraphat and the Viceroy of Prome and is also a symbol of Thai women’s honor in Thailand since the ancient time.
During Ayutthaya period, Somdet Phra Maha Chakkraphat reigned the kingdom and had Somdet Phra Sri Suriyothai as his wife. After having reigned for 7 months, Tabinshwehti and Bayinnaung surrounded Ayutthaya by using the invasion route via the Three Pagodas Pass towards Kanchanaburi, and then to the capital Ayutthaya. Somdet Phra Chakkaphat mounted his war elephant with his son accompanying. Somdet Phra Sri Suriyothai was so worried that she dressed in make military attire and followed them on a war elephant. When the Ayutthaya army had faced the vanguard of Tabinshwehti’s army led by the Viceroy, Somdet Phra Maha Chakkraphat gave flight but the elephant charged away from the enemy. Somdet Phra Sri Suriyothai, therefore, charged ahead between the King and the Viceroy to block his pursuit and was fatally cleaved from shoulder to heart with his spear. After the war, Somdet Phra Maha Chakkraphat ordered a grand cremation and placed Queen Sri Suriyothai’s body at Suan Luang, the Royal Garden, was then known as Wat Sop Sawan.
Afterwards, during the reign of Rama V, there were investigations to find places mentioned in the royal annals in order to compile into books. The finding led to the location of Wat Sop Sawan where the big Chedi was found. Rama VI later called it “Chedi Phra Sri Suriyothai”.